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Silicon High Energy Density Lithium Ion Battery

May 25, 2017

Silicon is the preferred cathode for lithium-ion batteries with high energy density because of the highest theoretical lithium storage capacity, Silicon but its low cycle life seriously hinders its commercial application. The low cycle life of silicon cathode is due to its huge volume expansion during charging and discharging. Silicon In this paper, the research work is reviewed in order to provide feasible technical thinking for the practical process of the silicon cathode.

In response to this problem, researchers have done a lot of research to improve their cyclic performance. Part of the work focuses on the design of the composition and structure of silicon materials, such as the ability to provide cushioning space for composite materials, or the use of nanotechnology to reduce the volume swelling effect of active particles. Magasinskia and other people adopt two-step vapor deposition method to prepare Nano-Si composites, and the ratio of material to 100 weeks after circulation is still above 1500mah, Silicon which shows excellent cyclic performance. Cui Yi and other people through the template method prepared hollow silicon nanotubes, the material showed a 6,000-week cycle life.

The structural design of the silicon material can keep the individual active particles intact in the repeated volume changes, thus improving the cyclic performance of the material. However, the volume expansion of silicon also leads to the mechanical stability of the electrodes, the electrical contact of the active particles in the electrode and the stability of the SEI film on the electrode surface are affected, Silicon so the properties of the silicon anode are not only related to the composition and structure of the material itself, but also to the preparation process of the polar chip, the selection of electrolyte and the design of the battery. In order to promote the application process of the silicon cathode, the researchers carried out a series of work on the electrode composition, Silicon the selection of binder and the optimization of electrolyte, and the main progress were as follows:

The preparation process of a silicon base cathode is usually a mixture of active material, conductive agent and binder, which is coated on a set of fluids to form an electrode. Among them, the conductive agent can maintain good electrical contact between the active powders, thus ensuring that the active particles in each part of the electrode are fully electrochemical. Therefore, the electrical conductivity, dispersion,Silicon particle size, surface and other physical and chemical indicators, as well as the addition and dispersion of the method will significantly affect the electrochemical properties of silicon-based cathode. The commonly used conductive agents are acetylene black, Superp, Ke Qin black, vapor deposition carbon fiber and so on, they are reviewed with different morphology, Silicon conductivity and the ability of absorbing liquid, so different conductive agents are suitable for different structures and morphologies of silicon materials.